The association of prescription NSAIDs to presence of depression among adults with inflammatory chronic conditions in adults with and without depression and seeking care in routine clinical practice remains unknown. We examined the association of prescription NSAIDs to depression among adults with inflammatory chronic conditions in a nationally representative sample of the US non-institutionalized civilian population. We used a retrospective cross-sectional design. Data on 10,713 adults with inflammatory chronic conditions were derived from 2015 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). The dependent variable was the presence or absence of depression and the key independent variable was prescription NSAIDs use. Logistic regression models were used to examine the adjusted associations of prescription NSAIDs to depression. In these regressions, other independent variables (biological, sociocultural, socio-economic, access to healthcare services, medical conditions and treatment factors, behavioural, and environmental factors) that may affect the relationship of prescription NSAIDs to depression were also included. All analyses accounted for the complex survey design of MEPS. Overall, 18.2% reported depression. Almost 21% used prescription NSAIDs. In the unadjusted model, prescription NSAIDs use had higher odds of depression (OR = 1.59;95%CI = [1.40, 1.82]) as compared to those without NSAIDs. In the fully-adjusted logistic regression model, with controls for other independent variables, adults using prescription NSAIDs had no significant association with depression (AOR = 0.97;95%CI = [0.84, 1.13]) compared to those without NSAIDs. In this first real-world study of all adults (with and without depression) in the US, we did not observe a statistically significant association of prescription NSAIDs to the presence of depression.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Observational study
- Survey data