Polarization of fluorescence from single skinned glycerinated rabbit psoas fibers in rigor and relaxation

Julian Borejdo, Susan Putnam

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Abstract

Single skinned glycerinated muscle fibers were labelled with the fluorescent dye N-(iodoacetylamino)-1-naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (1,5-IAEDANS). The heavy chain of myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) was labelled predominantly when the reaction was carried out in relaxation at 0 °C. Mechanical properties of skinned fibers were little affected by labelling with the fluorophore. Rigor tension developed upon transferring native or labelled skinned fibers from relaxing to rigor solutions lacking Ca2+ was very small but could be enhanced by progressively increasing Ca2+ concentration; the rigor tension decreased with increasing sarcomere length. Polarization of fluorescence of skinned fibers reacted with 1,5-IAEDANS was measured along the line of excitation as well as at 90° to it. The mean values of parallel and perpendicular components of polarization of labelled fibers measured at 0° were close to the values obtained for native fibers irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin, fiber "ghosts" irrigated with labelled heavy meromyosin, and oriented bundles of myofibrils reacted with the same fluorophore. Skinned fibers stretched above the rest length and then irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin gave rise to polarized fluorescence close to the values theoretically predicted for an assembly of helically arranged fluorophores. Using 90° detection system a satisfactory fit to the theory could be obtained from single fibers labelled with 1,5-IAEDANS and measured in rigor. The angle between the fiber axis and the direction of the emission dipole of 1,5-IAEDANS attached to subfragment-1 was estimated to be near 40°.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-595
Number of pages18
JournalBBA - Bioenergetics
Volume459
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Mar 1977

Fingerprint

Fluorescence Polarization
Fluorescence
Polarization
Rabbits
Myosin Subfragments
Fibers
Fluorophores
Sarcomeres
Myosin Heavy Chains
Myofibrils
Fluorescent Dyes
1,5-I-AEDANS
Muscles
Labeling
Muscle
Mechanical properties

Cite this

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title = "Polarization of fluorescence from single skinned glycerinated rabbit psoas fibers in rigor and relaxation",
abstract = "Single skinned glycerinated muscle fibers were labelled with the fluorescent dye N-(iodoacetylamino)-1-naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (1,5-IAEDANS). The heavy chain of myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) was labelled predominantly when the reaction was carried out in relaxation at 0 °C. Mechanical properties of skinned fibers were little affected by labelling with the fluorophore. Rigor tension developed upon transferring native or labelled skinned fibers from relaxing to rigor solutions lacking Ca2+ was very small but could be enhanced by progressively increasing Ca2+ concentration; the rigor tension decreased with increasing sarcomere length. Polarization of fluorescence of skinned fibers reacted with 1,5-IAEDANS was measured along the line of excitation as well as at 90° to it. The mean values of parallel and perpendicular components of polarization of labelled fibers measured at 0° were close to the values obtained for native fibers irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin, fiber {"}ghosts{"} irrigated with labelled heavy meromyosin, and oriented bundles of myofibrils reacted with the same fluorophore. Skinned fibers stretched above the rest length and then irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin gave rise to polarized fluorescence close to the values theoretically predicted for an assembly of helically arranged fluorophores. Using 90° detection system a satisfactory fit to the theory could be obtained from single fibers labelled with 1,5-IAEDANS and measured in rigor. The angle between the fiber axis and the direction of the emission dipole of 1,5-IAEDANS attached to subfragment-1 was estimated to be near 40°.",
author = "Julian Borejdo and Susan Putnam",
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Polarization of fluorescence from single skinned glycerinated rabbit psoas fibers in rigor and relaxation. / Borejdo, Julian; Putnam, Susan.

In: BBA - Bioenergetics, Vol. 459, No. 3, 11.03.1977, p. 578-595.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Polarization of fluorescence from single skinned glycerinated rabbit psoas fibers in rigor and relaxation

AU - Borejdo, Julian

AU - Putnam, Susan

PY - 1977/3/11

Y1 - 1977/3/11

N2 - Single skinned glycerinated muscle fibers were labelled with the fluorescent dye N-(iodoacetylamino)-1-naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (1,5-IAEDANS). The heavy chain of myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) was labelled predominantly when the reaction was carried out in relaxation at 0 °C. Mechanical properties of skinned fibers were little affected by labelling with the fluorophore. Rigor tension developed upon transferring native or labelled skinned fibers from relaxing to rigor solutions lacking Ca2+ was very small but could be enhanced by progressively increasing Ca2+ concentration; the rigor tension decreased with increasing sarcomere length. Polarization of fluorescence of skinned fibers reacted with 1,5-IAEDANS was measured along the line of excitation as well as at 90° to it. The mean values of parallel and perpendicular components of polarization of labelled fibers measured at 0° were close to the values obtained for native fibers irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin, fiber "ghosts" irrigated with labelled heavy meromyosin, and oriented bundles of myofibrils reacted with the same fluorophore. Skinned fibers stretched above the rest length and then irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin gave rise to polarized fluorescence close to the values theoretically predicted for an assembly of helically arranged fluorophores. Using 90° detection system a satisfactory fit to the theory could be obtained from single fibers labelled with 1,5-IAEDANS and measured in rigor. The angle between the fiber axis and the direction of the emission dipole of 1,5-IAEDANS attached to subfragment-1 was estimated to be near 40°.

AB - Single skinned glycerinated muscle fibers were labelled with the fluorescent dye N-(iodoacetylamino)-1-naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (1,5-IAEDANS). The heavy chain of myosin (EC 3.6.1.3) was labelled predominantly when the reaction was carried out in relaxation at 0 °C. Mechanical properties of skinned fibers were little affected by labelling with the fluorophore. Rigor tension developed upon transferring native or labelled skinned fibers from relaxing to rigor solutions lacking Ca2+ was very small but could be enhanced by progressively increasing Ca2+ concentration; the rigor tension decreased with increasing sarcomere length. Polarization of fluorescence of skinned fibers reacted with 1,5-IAEDANS was measured along the line of excitation as well as at 90° to it. The mean values of parallel and perpendicular components of polarization of labelled fibers measured at 0° were close to the values obtained for native fibers irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin, fiber "ghosts" irrigated with labelled heavy meromyosin, and oriented bundles of myofibrils reacted with the same fluorophore. Skinned fibers stretched above the rest length and then irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin gave rise to polarized fluorescence close to the values theoretically predicted for an assembly of helically arranged fluorophores. Using 90° detection system a satisfactory fit to the theory could be obtained from single fibers labelled with 1,5-IAEDANS and measured in rigor. The angle between the fiber axis and the direction of the emission dipole of 1,5-IAEDANS attached to subfragment-1 was estimated to be near 40°.

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DO - 10.1016/0005-2728(77)90056-1

M3 - Article

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EP - 595

JO - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics

JF - Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics

SN - 0005-2728

IS - 3

ER -