Single skinned glycerinated muscle fibers were labelled with the fluorescent dye N-(iodoacetylamino)-1-naphthylamine-5-sulfonic acid (1,5-IAEDANS). The heavy chain of myosin (EC 18.104.22.168) was labelled predominantly when the reaction was carried out in relaxation at 0 °C. Mechanical properties of skinned fibers were little affected by labelling with the fluorophore. Rigor tension developed upon transferring native or labelled skinned fibers from relaxing to rigor solutions lacking Ca2+ was very small but could be enhanced by progressively increasing Ca2+ concentration; the rigor tension decreased with increasing sarcomere length. Polarization of fluorescence of skinned fibers reacted with 1,5-IAEDANS was measured along the line of excitation as well as at 90° to it. The mean values of parallel and perpendicular components of polarization of labelled fibers measured at 0° were close to the values obtained for native fibers irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin, fiber "ghosts" irrigated with labelled heavy meromyosin, and oriented bundles of myofibrils reacted with the same fluorophore. Skinned fibers stretched above the rest length and then irrigated with 1,5-IAEDANS-labelled heavy meromyosin gave rise to polarized fluorescence close to the values theoretically predicted for an assembly of helically arranged fluorophores. Using 90° detection system a satisfactory fit to the theory could be obtained from single fibers labelled with 1,5-IAEDANS and measured in rigor. The angle between the fiber axis and the direction of the emission dipole of 1,5-IAEDANS attached to subfragment-1 was estimated to be near 40°.