The goal of pharmacoeconomics is to define the cost and value of different treatment strategies. The cost-effectiveness analysis, one model used in the study of pharmacoeconomics, considers not only the cost of the drug itself, but also the labor costs associated with physician and pharmacy visits, and expenses for laboratory testing. Drugs that require more intensive medical surveillance, either for dose adjustments or overall management of treatment-related side effects, can escalate costs. In the case of antidepressant drugs, various cost-effectiveness analyses have shown that the total cost of disease management is similar for generic tricyclics and the more expensive selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. This outcome is due to the higher labor costs associated with tricyclics that offset their acquisition cost advantage. The application of cost-effectiveness studies in formulary decision-making and clinical practice guidelines, will maximize the use of health care resources.
|Journal||Formulary (Cleveland, Ohio)|
|Volume||30 Suppl 1|
|State||Published - 1 Sep 1995|