Perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments as an ex vivo model for studying glucocorticoid-induced ocular hypertension and glaucoma

Weiming Mao, Tara Tovar-Vidales, Thomas Yorio, Robert J. Wordinger, Abbot Clark

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Abstract

Purpose. To determine whether perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments would be a suitable model for glaucoma research. Methods. Fresh bovine eyes were dissected and sealed on a custom-made acrylic dish with an O-ring. Perfusion medium was infused by a syringe pump at a constant infusion rate of 5 μL/min. After intraocular pressure (IOP) was stable, bovine eyes were perfused with medium containing either a vehicle control (0.1% ethanol [ETH]) or dexamethasone (DEX) for up to 7 days. IOP was recorded by a pressure transducer and a computerized system. Perfusion medium was collected for Western immunoblot analysis of myocilin (MYOC). Results. The morphology of the bovine trabecular meshwork after perfusion culture was similar to that of freshly dissected, nonperfused bovine eyes. Treatment with DEX elevated IOP in some bovine eyes, whereas others showed little change. The authors analyzed the data from 18 ETH-treated control eyes and defined 2.82 mm Hg as the threshold of ocular hypertension (OHT), which equals mean pressure change + 2× SD. Approximately 40% (12/29) of the bovine eyes were DEX responders, which is very close to the DEX-responsive rates observed in human and monkey eyes. Western blot data showed that DEX treatment induced the expression of the DEX-inducible gene MYOC only in the perfusion-cultured anterior segments with DEX-induced OHT. Conclusions. OHT can be induced by DEX in perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments. This is a fast, convenient, affordable, and reliable model for studying DEX-induced OHT and the mechanisms of trabecular outflow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8068-8075
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume52
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2011

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Ocular Hypertension
Glaucoma
Dexamethasone
Glucocorticoids
Perfusion
Intraocular Pressure
Ethanol
Western Blotting
Pressure Transducers
Trabecular Meshwork
Syringes
Haplorhini
Pressure

Cite this

@article{12180694a9dd45a99e6ca9c38529c990,
title = "Perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments as an ex vivo model for studying glucocorticoid-induced ocular hypertension and glaucoma",
abstract = "Purpose. To determine whether perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments would be a suitable model for glaucoma research. Methods. Fresh bovine eyes were dissected and sealed on a custom-made acrylic dish with an O-ring. Perfusion medium was infused by a syringe pump at a constant infusion rate of 5 μL/min. After intraocular pressure (IOP) was stable, bovine eyes were perfused with medium containing either a vehicle control (0.1{\%} ethanol [ETH]) or dexamethasone (DEX) for up to 7 days. IOP was recorded by a pressure transducer and a computerized system. Perfusion medium was collected for Western immunoblot analysis of myocilin (MYOC). Results. The morphology of the bovine trabecular meshwork after perfusion culture was similar to that of freshly dissected, nonperfused bovine eyes. Treatment with DEX elevated IOP in some bovine eyes, whereas others showed little change. The authors analyzed the data from 18 ETH-treated control eyes and defined 2.82 mm Hg as the threshold of ocular hypertension (OHT), which equals mean pressure change + 2× SD. Approximately 40{\%} (12/29) of the bovine eyes were DEX responders, which is very close to the DEX-responsive rates observed in human and monkey eyes. Western blot data showed that DEX treatment induced the expression of the DEX-inducible gene MYOC only in the perfusion-cultured anterior segments with DEX-induced OHT. Conclusions. OHT can be induced by DEX in perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments. This is a fast, convenient, affordable, and reliable model for studying DEX-induced OHT and the mechanisms of trabecular outflow.",
author = "Weiming Mao and Tara Tovar-Vidales and Thomas Yorio and Wordinger, {Robert J.} and Abbot Clark",
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Perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments as an ex vivo model for studying glucocorticoid-induced ocular hypertension and glaucoma. / Mao, Weiming; Tovar-Vidales, Tara; Yorio, Thomas; Wordinger, Robert J.; Clark, Abbot.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 52, No. 11, 01.10.2011, p. 8068-8075.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments as an ex vivo model for studying glucocorticoid-induced ocular hypertension and glaucoma

AU - Mao, Weiming

AU - Tovar-Vidales, Tara

AU - Yorio, Thomas

AU - Wordinger, Robert J.

AU - Clark, Abbot

PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - Purpose. To determine whether perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments would be a suitable model for glaucoma research. Methods. Fresh bovine eyes were dissected and sealed on a custom-made acrylic dish with an O-ring. Perfusion medium was infused by a syringe pump at a constant infusion rate of 5 μL/min. After intraocular pressure (IOP) was stable, bovine eyes were perfused with medium containing either a vehicle control (0.1% ethanol [ETH]) or dexamethasone (DEX) for up to 7 days. IOP was recorded by a pressure transducer and a computerized system. Perfusion medium was collected for Western immunoblot analysis of myocilin (MYOC). Results. The morphology of the bovine trabecular meshwork after perfusion culture was similar to that of freshly dissected, nonperfused bovine eyes. Treatment with DEX elevated IOP in some bovine eyes, whereas others showed little change. The authors analyzed the data from 18 ETH-treated control eyes and defined 2.82 mm Hg as the threshold of ocular hypertension (OHT), which equals mean pressure change + 2× SD. Approximately 40% (12/29) of the bovine eyes were DEX responders, which is very close to the DEX-responsive rates observed in human and monkey eyes. Western blot data showed that DEX treatment induced the expression of the DEX-inducible gene MYOC only in the perfusion-cultured anterior segments with DEX-induced OHT. Conclusions. OHT can be induced by DEX in perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments. This is a fast, convenient, affordable, and reliable model for studying DEX-induced OHT and the mechanisms of trabecular outflow.

AB - Purpose. To determine whether perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments would be a suitable model for glaucoma research. Methods. Fresh bovine eyes were dissected and sealed on a custom-made acrylic dish with an O-ring. Perfusion medium was infused by a syringe pump at a constant infusion rate of 5 μL/min. After intraocular pressure (IOP) was stable, bovine eyes were perfused with medium containing either a vehicle control (0.1% ethanol [ETH]) or dexamethasone (DEX) for up to 7 days. IOP was recorded by a pressure transducer and a computerized system. Perfusion medium was collected for Western immunoblot analysis of myocilin (MYOC). Results. The morphology of the bovine trabecular meshwork after perfusion culture was similar to that of freshly dissected, nonperfused bovine eyes. Treatment with DEX elevated IOP in some bovine eyes, whereas others showed little change. The authors analyzed the data from 18 ETH-treated control eyes and defined 2.82 mm Hg as the threshold of ocular hypertension (OHT), which equals mean pressure change + 2× SD. Approximately 40% (12/29) of the bovine eyes were DEX responders, which is very close to the DEX-responsive rates observed in human and monkey eyes. Western blot data showed that DEX treatment induced the expression of the DEX-inducible gene MYOC only in the perfusion-cultured anterior segments with DEX-induced OHT. Conclusions. OHT can be induced by DEX in perfusion-cultured bovine anterior segments. This is a fast, convenient, affordable, and reliable model for studying DEX-induced OHT and the mechanisms of trabecular outflow.

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U2 - 10.1167/iovs.11-8133

DO - 10.1167/iovs.11-8133

M3 - Article

VL - 52

SP - 8068

EP - 8075

JO - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

JF - Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

SN - 0146-0404

IS - 11

ER -