Patients and providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception: a systematic review

Erika L. Thompson, Cheryl A. Vamos, Rachel G. Logan, Emily A. Bronson, Linda A. Detman, Rumour Piepenbrink, Ellen M. Daley, William M. Sappenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) immediately postpartum for preventing unintended pregnancy. This systematic review identified patients’ and providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding immediate postpartum LARC use. Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, PsychInfo, and CINHAL databases (from inception to December 2018) were searched using LARC and immediate postpartum as search terms. The inclusion criteria were observational US studies, peer-reviewed, and English language, and the exclusion criterion was published abstracts only. The search yielded 4140 articles, and 18 articles were included in the final sample. Articles focused on women (n = 6) emphasizing patient preferences about the use of postpartum intrauterine devices (IUDs) and comprised samples of postpartum women. Among articles focused on providers (n = 12), knowledge regarding immediate postpartum LARCs varied. Providers reported lack of training and lack of comfort with regard to counseling and insertion as barriers to providing postpartum IUDs. This review identified literature regarding patient and provider perspectives on immediate postpartum LARC. Future work should ascertain patients’ and providers’ needs and preferences for integrating LARC counseling as a viable contraception option during the immediate postpartum period, ultimately promoting optimal inter-pregnancy intervals and overall health for women and future offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-196
Number of pages18
JournalWomen and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2020



  • Contraception
  • hormonal implants
  • IUD
  • maternal and child health
  • postpartum
  • United States

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