Paternity exclusion in primates: Two strategies

Ranajit Chakraborty, Robert E. Ferrell, William J. Schull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Two strategies for the use of polymorphic biochemical and serological markers in paternity testing problems in non‐human primate groups, where pedigree information is incomplete, are discussed. The positive approach, of attempting to prove paternity, is shown to be impracticable given the levels of detectable genetic variation among primates. The more conventional approach of paternity exclusion is examined and found to be useful under certain conditions. This approach is illustrated using the published data on the levels of biochemical and serological variation in Macaca nemestrina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-371
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1979


  • Paternity testing
  • Primates


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