Opioid modulation of the discriminative stimulus produced by pentylenetetrazol

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Abstract

Rats were trained to detect the stimulus properties of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ), 16 mg/kg, and prototypic drugs for mu, kappa and sigma opioid receptors were tested for their ability to block or substitute for PTZ. Only the sigma agonist, phencyclidine, showed any capacity for blocking the PTZ stimulus. Drugs with selective kappa or sigma actions did not substitute for PTZ. However, morphine, fentanyl and Mr 2034 did substitute for the PTZ stimulus. This substitution was found to be centrally mediated in that quaternary morphine did not produce a PTZ-like stimulus. In contrast to the substitution of these drugs for PTZ, in rats trained to detect the stimulus properties of fentanyl, no substitution of PTZ for the fentanyl stimulus occurred. In tests of the capacity of various drugs to block the PTZ-like stimulus of mu agonists, the stimulus produced by morphine or fentanyl was blocked by naloxone, diazepam and haloperidol, but not by scopolamine. These results demonstrate that drugs with mu agonist properties show a one-way substitution for the discriminative stimulus produced by PTZ. The observation that haloperidol blocked the PTZ-like stimulus of mu agonists suggests the possible involvement of dopaminergic mechanisms in the mediation of the effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1987

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Bremazocine
  • Drug discrimination
  • Fentanyl
  • Morphine
  • Mr 2034
  • Pentylenetetrazol
  • Phencyclidine
  • Rat
  • U 69 593

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