N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine (tiopronin) monolayer-protected silver particles were partially displaced by single-stranded oligonucleotides through ligand exchanges. The oligonucleotide-displaced particles could be hybridized with complementary fluorophore-labeled oligonucleotides. Both the oligonucleotide-displaced and hybridized particles could be aggregated by electrostatic interactions with salt in buffer solution, and the aggregates displayed enhanced luminescence from fluorophores. This result suggests the possible application of surface-enhanced fluorescence from metallic nanoparticle aggregation for DNA detection.
- Ligand exchange
- Organic monolayer-protected silver nanoparticle
- Surface-enhanced fluorescence