Oligo(amylene) from the reaction of fusel oil with zinc dihalide

Matthew C. Davis, Laszlo Prokai, Josanne Dee Woodroffe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heating mixtures of fusel oil and zinc chloride or zinc bromide to 180 °C gave water, difusel ethers and the hydrocarbon oligo(amylene) as the major coproducts. Separation by chromatography gave oligo(amylene) in 25% yield from fusel oil. The triamylene fraction of the oligo(amylene) had a net heating value of 43.9 kJ g-1 which was 3% greater than specifications for gasoline, diesel #2 and jet A-1. The cetane number of the triamylene was 31.9 so it may not be useful for diesel engines. The triamylene had a flashpoint of 38 °C, viscosity (-20 °C) of 7.85 mm2 s-1, density (15 °C) of 0.78 g mL-1 and melting point below -78 °C which all compared well to the specifications of jet A-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1960-1968
Number of pages9
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2021

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