Novel Investigation of the Deep Band of the Lateral Plantar Aponeurosis and Its Relationship With the Lateral Plantar Nerve

Cameron M. Beck, Austin R. Dickerson, Kevin J. Kadado, Zachary A. Cohen, Somer E. Blair, Travis A. Motley, Jenna C. Holcomb, Cara L. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: We describe a thick fascial band arising from the medial aspect of the lateral plantar aponeurosis diving deep into the forefoot crossing over a branch of the lateral plantar nerve. Because a review of current literature resulted in limited and outdated sources, we sought to first determine the frequency of this fascial band and the location where it crosses the lateral plantar nerve and, second, discuss the clinical applications these anatomical findings could have. Methods: 50 pairs of cadaveric feet (n = 100) were dissected to investigate for presence of the fascial band and its interaction with the lateral plantar nerve. Images were taken of each foot with the fascial band. ImageJ was used to take 2 measurements assessing the relationship of the tuberosity of the base of the fifth metatarsal to where the nerve crossed deep to the fascial band. Results: Overall, 38% of the feet possessed the fascial band. It was found unilaterally in 10 pairs and bilaterally in 14 pairs. On average, the point at which the lateral plantar nerve passed deep to the fascial band was 2.0 cm medial and 1.7 cm anterior to the tuberosity of the base of the fifth metatarsal. Conclusion: When present, the deep band of the lateral plantar aponeurosis (PA) was consistently found to be crossing the lateral plantar nerve. The discovery of the location where this most commonly occurs has not been previously reported and adds an interesting dimension that elevates an anatomical study to one that has clinical potential. Clinical Relevance: The established target zone gives a precise location for where the relationship between the deep band of the lateral PA and the lateral plantar nerve exists when evaluating the foot. The target zone provides a potential springboard for future investigations concerning said relationship clinically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1330
Number of pages6
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

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Keywords

  • compression
  • foot pain
  • impingement
  • lateral column pain
  • metatarsalgia
  • neuritis
  • neuroma
  • plantar fascia
  • plantar fasciitis
  • plantar fasciotomy

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