Nonhuman primate models of ischemic stroke and neurological evaluation after stroke

Xiao Lin, Hua Wang, Jiayu Chen, Peiqi Zhao, Min Wen, Lebohang Anesu Bingwa, Kunlin Jin, Qichuan Zhuge, Su Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Nonhuman primates are closer to human beings than rodents in genetics, neuroanatomy, physiology and immunology. Nonhuman primates are therefore considered an ideal preclinical model to replicate various aspects of human stroke. Ischemia stroke models in nonhuman primates can better fit the physiological symptoms and changes in humans after cerebral ischemia. Currently, various construction methods and neurological evaluation methods have been developed and applied to stroke models of nonhuman primates, including craniectomy models, endovascular stroke models, autologous thrombus models and intraluminal filament models. Meanwhile, new innovative methods have emerged, such as the endothelin-1 model and photothrombosis model. In the past thirty years, these model studies have explored various mechanisms that are initiated in the first minutes, hours, and days after a stroke. Permanent and temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion models have been trying to simulate the complex situation of human stroke. However, a comprehensive comparison of the above methods, including their advantages and disadvantages, difficulty and application fields, is limited. Here, we introduce various modeling methods that are currently available for nonhuman primate stroke models, compare the differences between these different preparation methods, and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the various methods and the fields of application. The imaging detection methods of nonhuman primates after cerebral ischemia and the neurological evaluation methods after stroke are also discussed briefly. Methods are sorted and compared so that scholars can choose appropriate modeling methods and evaluation methods to establish nonhuman primate stroke models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109611
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • Ischemia stroke
  • MCAO
  • Neurological evaluation
  • Nonhuman primates


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