Neuroprotection by Dietary Isoflavones and Their Role in Cerebral Ischemia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dietary isoflavones derived from soybeans and other legumes have long been part of the Asian diet and are considered a safe, healthy protein source. More recently, the estrogenic nature of isoflavones has been explored for postmenopausal symptoms in women with equivocal results. However, the beneficial effects of dietary isoflavones in the brain have received new attention with the recognition that these compounds can be neuroprotective in experimental cerebral ischemia and other models of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease. Several overlapping mechanisms likely underlie these protective mechanisms, including transcriptional activation by estrogen receptors and multiple antioxidant effects on the mitochondria. These generalized mechanisms support all members of the neurovascular unit and may provide both prophylactic and acute neuroprotection. Human studies support a role for soy isoflavones in cardiovascular health, but the neuroprotective properties of isoflavones in humans are yet to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease
Subtitle of host publicationPrevention and Therapy
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages385-394
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780124115293
ISBN (Print)9780124114623
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular
  • Daidzein
  • Genistein
  • Neuroprotection
  • Stroke

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    Schreihofer, D. A. (2015). Neuroprotection by Dietary Isoflavones and Their Role in Cerebral Ischemia. In Bioactive Nutraceuticals and Dietary Supplements in Neurological and Brain Disease: Prevention and Therapy (pp. 385-394). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-411462-3.00039-4