Neuroendocrine mechanism for tolerance to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in male rats

Shao Hua Yang, Ran Liu, Yi Wen, Evelyn Perez, Jason Cutright, Anne Marie Brun-Zinkernagel, Meharvan Singh, Arthur L. Day, James W. Simpkins

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35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Testosterone has been shown to exacerbate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, which suggests that the well-known stress-induced testosterone reduction could be a protective response. We hypothesized that stress-induced testosterone reduction contributes to ischemia tolerance in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in male rats. In intact male rats, stress was induced by brief anesthesia at 6 h before transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Testosterone levels were significantly decreased 6 h after stress. Testosterone reduction was associated with a 50% reduction in cerebral lesion volume in the stressed animals. Further, the stress-induced cerebral ischemia tolerance was eliminated by testosterone replacement in castrated males. Immunohistochemical staining showed that androgen receptors were up-regulated after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and partially colocalized with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) positive cells in the parietal cortex and extensively colocalized in the caudate putamen. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and 90 (Hsp90) are involved in ischemia tolerance, and were not colocalized with TUNEL in the immunohistochemical staining, suggesting an anti-apoptotic role of Hsp's. To determine the effect of testosterone on MCAO-induced Hsp70 and -90 expression, a testosterone replacement or withdrawal paradigm was used. Testosterone-replaced animals exhibited a decrease in Hsp expression, whereas testosterone withdrawal (mimicking the stress-induced testosterone suppression) normalized this deficit. In summary, stress-induced testosterone reduction contributes to ischemia tolerance in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in males, which could be related to the loss of inhibition by testosterone of Hsp70 and -90 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-351
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Cerebral ischemia tolerance
  • Heat shock protein
  • Ischemia-reperfusion injury
  • Neuroendocrine
  • Preconditioning
  • Testosterone

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    Yang, S. H., Liu, R., Wen, Y., Perez, E., Cutright, J., Brun-Zinkernagel, A. M., Singh, M., Day, A. L., & Simpkins, J. W. (2005). Neuroendocrine mechanism for tolerance to cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in male rats. Journal of Neurobiology, 62(3), 341-351. https://doi.org/10.1002/neu.20103