Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults

Paul Lehrer, Jennifer F. Buckman, Eun-Young Mun, Evgeny G. Vaschillo, Bronya Vaschillo, Tomoko Udo, Tam Nguyen, Marsha E. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the relationship of negative affect and alcohol use behaviors to baseline respiration and respiratory response to emotional challenge in young adults (N = 138, 48 % women). Thoracic-to-abdominal ratio, respiratory frequency and variability, and minute volume ventilation were measured during a low-demand baseline task, and emotional challenge (viewing emotionally-valenced, emotionally-neutral, and alcohol-related pictures). Negative mood and alcohol problems principal components were generated from self-report measures of negative affect and mood, alcohol use, and use-related problems. The negative mood component was positively related to a thoracic bias when measured throughout the study (including baseline and picture exposure). There was generally greater respiratory activity in response to the picture cues, although not specifically in response to the content (emotional or alcohol-related) of the picture cues. The alcohol problems component was positively associated with respiratory reactivity to picture cues, when baseline breathing patterns were controlled. Self-report arousal data indicated that higher levels of negative mood, but not alcohol problems, were associated with greater arousal ratings overall. However, those with alcohol problems reported greater arousal to alcohol cues, compared to emotionally neutral cues. These results are consistent with theories relating negative affect and mood to breathing patterns as well as the relationship between alcohol problems and negative emotions, suggesting that the use of respiratory interventions may hold promise for treating problems involving negative affect and mood, as well as drinking problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-283
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Psychophysiology Biofeedback
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Alcohols
Cues
Arousal
Respiration
Self Report
Thorax
Drinking
Ventilation
Emotions

Keywords

  • Alcohol use
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Respiration
  • Thoracic breathing

Cite this

Lehrer, Paul ; Buckman, Jennifer F. ; Mun, Eun-Young ; Vaschillo, Evgeny G. ; Vaschillo, Bronya ; Udo, Tomoko ; Nguyen, Tam ; Bates, Marsha E. / Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults. In: Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 273-283.
@article{83fd63931a5f47488b7a096326a00526,
title = "Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults",
abstract = "This study examined the relationship of negative affect and alcohol use behaviors to baseline respiration and respiratory response to emotional challenge in young adults (N = 138, 48 {\%} women). Thoracic-to-abdominal ratio, respiratory frequency and variability, and minute volume ventilation were measured during a low-demand baseline task, and emotional challenge (viewing emotionally-valenced, emotionally-neutral, and alcohol-related pictures). Negative mood and alcohol problems principal components were generated from self-report measures of negative affect and mood, alcohol use, and use-related problems. The negative mood component was positively related to a thoracic bias when measured throughout the study (including baseline and picture exposure). There was generally greater respiratory activity in response to the picture cues, although not specifically in response to the content (emotional or alcohol-related) of the picture cues. The alcohol problems component was positively associated with respiratory reactivity to picture cues, when baseline breathing patterns were controlled. Self-report arousal data indicated that higher levels of negative mood, but not alcohol problems, were associated with greater arousal ratings overall. However, those with alcohol problems reported greater arousal to alcohol cues, compared to emotionally neutral cues. These results are consistent with theories relating negative affect and mood to breathing patterns as well as the relationship between alcohol problems and negative emotions, suggesting that the use of respiratory interventions may hold promise for treating problems involving negative affect and mood, as well as drinking problems.",
keywords = "Alcohol use, Anxiety, Depression, Respiration, Thoracic breathing",
author = "Paul Lehrer and Buckman, {Jennifer F.} and Eun-Young Mun and Vaschillo, {Evgeny G.} and Bronya Vaschillo and Tomoko Udo and Tam Nguyen and Bates, {Marsha E.}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10484-013-9230-9",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "273--283",
journal = "Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback",
issn = "1090-0586",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

Lehrer, P, Buckman, JF, Mun, E-Y, Vaschillo, EG, Vaschillo, B, Udo, T, Nguyen, T & Bates, ME 2013, 'Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults', Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 273-283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-013-9230-9

Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults. / Lehrer, Paul; Buckman, Jennifer F.; Mun, Eun-Young; Vaschillo, Evgeny G.; Vaschillo, Bronya; Udo, Tomoko; Nguyen, Tam; Bates, Marsha E.

In: Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, Vol. 38, No. 4, 01.01.2013, p. 273-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Negative mood and alcohol problems are related to respiratory dynamics in young adults

AU - Lehrer, Paul

AU - Buckman, Jennifer F.

AU - Mun, Eun-Young

AU - Vaschillo, Evgeny G.

AU - Vaschillo, Bronya

AU - Udo, Tomoko

AU - Nguyen, Tam

AU - Bates, Marsha E.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - This study examined the relationship of negative affect and alcohol use behaviors to baseline respiration and respiratory response to emotional challenge in young adults (N = 138, 48 % women). Thoracic-to-abdominal ratio, respiratory frequency and variability, and minute volume ventilation were measured during a low-demand baseline task, and emotional challenge (viewing emotionally-valenced, emotionally-neutral, and alcohol-related pictures). Negative mood and alcohol problems principal components were generated from self-report measures of negative affect and mood, alcohol use, and use-related problems. The negative mood component was positively related to a thoracic bias when measured throughout the study (including baseline and picture exposure). There was generally greater respiratory activity in response to the picture cues, although not specifically in response to the content (emotional or alcohol-related) of the picture cues. The alcohol problems component was positively associated with respiratory reactivity to picture cues, when baseline breathing patterns were controlled. Self-report arousal data indicated that higher levels of negative mood, but not alcohol problems, were associated with greater arousal ratings overall. However, those with alcohol problems reported greater arousal to alcohol cues, compared to emotionally neutral cues. These results are consistent with theories relating negative affect and mood to breathing patterns as well as the relationship between alcohol problems and negative emotions, suggesting that the use of respiratory interventions may hold promise for treating problems involving negative affect and mood, as well as drinking problems.

AB - This study examined the relationship of negative affect and alcohol use behaviors to baseline respiration and respiratory response to emotional challenge in young adults (N = 138, 48 % women). Thoracic-to-abdominal ratio, respiratory frequency and variability, and minute volume ventilation were measured during a low-demand baseline task, and emotional challenge (viewing emotionally-valenced, emotionally-neutral, and alcohol-related pictures). Negative mood and alcohol problems principal components were generated from self-report measures of negative affect and mood, alcohol use, and use-related problems. The negative mood component was positively related to a thoracic bias when measured throughout the study (including baseline and picture exposure). There was generally greater respiratory activity in response to the picture cues, although not specifically in response to the content (emotional or alcohol-related) of the picture cues. The alcohol problems component was positively associated with respiratory reactivity to picture cues, when baseline breathing patterns were controlled. Self-report arousal data indicated that higher levels of negative mood, but not alcohol problems, were associated with greater arousal ratings overall. However, those with alcohol problems reported greater arousal to alcohol cues, compared to emotionally neutral cues. These results are consistent with theories relating negative affect and mood to breathing patterns as well as the relationship between alcohol problems and negative emotions, suggesting that the use of respiratory interventions may hold promise for treating problems involving negative affect and mood, as well as drinking problems.

KW - Alcohol use

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Respiration

KW - Thoracic breathing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888206356&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10484-013-9230-9

DO - 10.1007/s10484-013-9230-9

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 273

EP - 283

JO - Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback

JF - Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback

SN - 1090-0586

IS - 4

ER -