In this work, we describe how to realize a new sensing platform for an easy and fast detection of analytes. In particular, we utilized enhanced fluorescence emission on silver island films (SIFs) coupled to the total internal reflection fluorescence mode (TIRF) to develop a new assay format for the detection of target analytes. Here, as an example, we report on the detection of the toxic peptides present in gliadin (Gli). Our assay was performed as follows: (1) gliadin was first captured on surfaces coated with anti-Gli antibodies; (2) the surfaces were then incubated with fluorophore-labeled anti-Gli antibodies; (3) the signal from the fluorophore-labeled anti-Gli antibody bound to the antigen was detected by TIRF. The system was examined on glass surfaces and on SIFs. We observed a relevant enhancement of the signal from SIFs compared to the signal from the glass substrate not modified with a SIF. In addition, the estimated detection limit (EDL) of our methodology was 60 ng/mL (or lower). This limit is therefore lower than the clinical cut-off for Gli presence in food for celiac patients. The advantage of our method is a reduced number of testing steps, which allows for easy detection of residual toxic peptides in food labeled as gluten free. The proposed technology can be easily expanded to the determination of different target analytes.