The production dysregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) in ischemic tissues results in endothelial dysfunction, hyperinflammation and poor blood circulation. Here, we report a hybrid molecule, SA-10 with both NO donating and ROS scavenging abilities that demonstrated potent cytoprotection and tube formation activity in endothelial cells under H2O2-induced oxidative stress. SA-10 loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (SA-10 NPs) were delivered intramuscularly (IM) to two murine hindlimb ischemia models. In the acute mode ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), the muscle damage, hyperinflammation, and lung edema were significantly reduced 3 days post-dose while in the chronic ischemia model, significant improvement of blood perfusion and physical endurance was observed over 30 days (P < 0.05). Elderly patients with acute and chronic limb ischemia have limited options for surgical or endovascular interventions, so we anticipate that a product like SA-10 NPs has potential as one of the therapeutic alternatives to surgery.
|Journal||Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine|
|State||Published - Jul 2021|
- Drug carriers
- Nitric oxide
- Peripheral artery disease