Mutational analysis of conserved residues in Hhal DNA methyltransferase

Umesh T. Sankpal, Desirazu N. Rao

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

HhaI DNA methyltransferase belongs to the C5-cytosine methyltransferase family, which is characterized by the presence of a set of highly conserved amino acids and motifs present in an invariant order. HhaI DNA methyltransferase has been subjected to a lot of biochemical and crystallographic studies. A number of issues, especially the role of the conserved amino acids in the methyltransferase activity, have not been addressed. Using sequence comparison and structural data, a structure-guided mutagenesis approach was undertaken, to assess the role of conserved amino acids in catalysis. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on amino acids involved in cofactor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) binding (Phe18, Trp41, Asp60 and Leu100). Characterization of these mutants, by in vitro/in vivo restriction assays and DNA/AdoMet binding studies, indicated that most of the residues present in the AdoMet-binding pocket were not absolutely essential. This study implies plasticity in the recognition of cofactor by HhaI DNA methyltransferase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2628-2638
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume30
Issue number12
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2002

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