Mutational analysis of conserved residues in Hhal DNA methyltransferase

Umesh T. Sankpal, Desirazu N. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HhaI DNA methyltransferase belongs to the C5-cytosine methyltransferase family, which is characterized by the presence of a set of highly conserved amino acids and motifs present in an invariant order. HhaI DNA methyltransferase has been subjected to a lot of biochemical and crystallographic studies. A number of issues, especially the role of the conserved amino acids in the methyltransferase activity, have not been addressed. Using sequence comparison and structural data, a structure-guided mutagenesis approach was undertaken, to assess the role of conserved amino acids in catalysis. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on amino acids involved in cofactor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) binding (Phe18, Trp41, Asp60 and Leu100). Characterization of these mutants, by in vitro/in vivo restriction assays and DNA/AdoMet binding studies, indicated that most of the residues present in the AdoMet-binding pocket were not absolutely essential. This study implies plasticity in the recognition of cofactor by HhaI DNA methyltransferase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2628-2638
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume30
Issue number12
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2002

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Methyltransferases
DNA
Amino Acids
Methionine
S-Adenosylmethionine
Amino Acid Motifs
Cytosine
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Catalysis
Mutagenesis

Cite this

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abstract = "HhaI DNA methyltransferase belongs to the C5-cytosine methyltransferase family, which is characterized by the presence of a set of highly conserved amino acids and motifs present in an invariant order. HhaI DNA methyltransferase has been subjected to a lot of biochemical and crystallographic studies. A number of issues, especially the role of the conserved amino acids in the methyltransferase activity, have not been addressed. Using sequence comparison and structural data, a structure-guided mutagenesis approach was undertaken, to assess the role of conserved amino acids in catalysis. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on amino acids involved in cofactor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) binding (Phe18, Trp41, Asp60 and Leu100). Characterization of these mutants, by in vitro/in vivo restriction assays and DNA/AdoMet binding studies, indicated that most of the residues present in the AdoMet-binding pocket were not absolutely essential. This study implies plasticity in the recognition of cofactor by HhaI DNA methyltransferase.",
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Mutational analysis of conserved residues in Hhal DNA methyltransferase. / Sankpal, Umesh T.; Rao, Desirazu N.

In: Nucleic Acids Research, Vol. 30, No. 12, 15.06.2002, p. 2628-2638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Sankpal, Umesh T.

AU - Rao, Desirazu N.

PY - 2002/6/15

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AB - HhaI DNA methyltransferase belongs to the C5-cytosine methyltransferase family, which is characterized by the presence of a set of highly conserved amino acids and motifs present in an invariant order. HhaI DNA methyltransferase has been subjected to a lot of biochemical and crystallographic studies. A number of issues, especially the role of the conserved amino acids in the methyltransferase activity, have not been addressed. Using sequence comparison and structural data, a structure-guided mutagenesis approach was undertaken, to assess the role of conserved amino acids in catalysis. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on amino acids involved in cofactor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) binding (Phe18, Trp41, Asp60 and Leu100). Characterization of these mutants, by in vitro/in vivo restriction assays and DNA/AdoMet binding studies, indicated that most of the residues present in the AdoMet-binding pocket were not absolutely essential. This study implies plasticity in the recognition of cofactor by HhaI DNA methyltransferase.

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