Multiscale model of the physiological control of myocardial perfusion to delineate putative metabolic feedback mechanisms

Hamidreza Gharahi, C. Alberto Figueroa, Johnathan D. Tune, Daniel A. Beard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract: Coronary blood flow is tightly regulated to ensure that myocardial oxygen delivery meets local metabolic demand via the concurrent action of myogenic, neural and metabolic mechanisms. Although several competing hypotheses exist, the specific nature of the local metabolic mechanism(s) remains poorly defined. To gain insights into the viability of putative metabolic feedback mechanisms and into the co-ordinated action of parallel regulatory mechanisms, we applied a multiscale modelling framework to analyse experimental data on coronary pressure, flow and myocardial oxygen delivery in the porcine heart in vivo. The modelling framework integrates a previously established lumped-parameter model of myocardial perfusion used to account for transmural haemodynamic variations and a simple vessel mechanics model used to simulate the vascular tone in each of three myocardial layers. Vascular tone in the resistance vessel mechanics model is governed by input stimuli from the myogenic, metabolic and autonomic control mechanisms. Seven competing formulations of the metabolic feedback mechanism are implemented in the modelling framework, and associated model simulations are compared with experimental data on coronary pressures and flows under a range of experimental conditions designed to interrogate the governing control mechanisms. Analysis identifies a maximally probable metabolic mechanism among the seven tested models, in which production of a metabolic signalling factor is proportional to myocardial oxygen consumption and delivery is proportional to flow. Finally, the identified model is validated based on comparisons of simulations with data on the myocardial perfusion response to conscious exercise that were not used for model identification. Key points: Although several competing hypotheses exist, we lack knowledge of specific nature of the metabolic mechanism(s) governing regional myocardial perfusion. Moreover, we lack an understanding of how parallel myogenic, adrenergic/autonomic and metabolic mechanisms work together to regulatory oxygen delivery in the beating heart. We have developed a multiscale modelling framework to test competing hypotheses against experimental data on coronary pressure, flow and myocardial oxygen delivery in the porcine heart in vivo. The analysis identifies a maximally probable metabolic mechanism among seven tested models, in which the production of a metabolic signalling factor is proportional to myocardial oxygen consumption and delivery is proportional to flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1913-1932
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Physiology
Volume600
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • coronary blood flow
  • metabolic control
  • myocardial perfusion
  • myogenic control
  • oxygen transport

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