Motivational tools to improve probationer treatment outcomes

Faye S. Taxman, Scott T. Walters, Lincoln B. Sloas, Jennifer Lerch, Mayra Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a promising practice to increase motivation, treatment retention, and reducing recidivism among offender populations. Computer-delivered interventions have grown in popularity as a way to change behaviors associated with drug and alcohol use. Methods/Design: Motivational Assistance Program to Initiate Treatment (MAPIT) is a three arm, multisite, randomized controlled trial, which examines the impact of Motivational interviewing (MI), a motivational computer program (MC), and supervision as usual (SAU) on addiction treatment initiation, engagement, and retention. Secondary outcomes include drug/alcohol use, probation progress, recidivism (i.e., criminal behavior) and HIV/AIDS testing and treatment among probationers. Participant characteristics are measured at baseline, 2, and 6. months after assignment. The entire study will include 600 offenders, with each site recruiting 300 offenders (Baltimore City, Maryland and Dallas, Texas). All participants will go through standard intake procedures for probation and participate in probation requirements as usual. After standard intake, participants will be recruited and screened for eligibility. Discussion: The results of this clinical trial will fill a gap in knowledge about ways to motivate probationers to participate in addiction treatment and HIV care. This randomized clinical trial is innovative in the way it examines the use of in-person vs. technological approaches to improve probationer success. Trial registration: NCT01891656.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

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Keywords

  • Computer-delivered interventions
  • Criminal behavior
  • E-Health
  • HIV risk
  • MAPIT
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Substance use

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