Isolated frog urinary bladder epithelial cells, upon dissociation lose their polarity and develop microridges and occasional microvilli in a global fashion. These cells, when exposed only to isotonic Ringer's solution manifest a membrane conformation with smooth discontinuous microridges, a cytoplasm with numerous free ribosomes, rough ER, thin Golgi cisternae, mitochondria, small vacuoles, electron-dense granules, few microtubules, and numerous microfilaments and intermediate filaments with an apparent random distribution, the dissociated cells, when treated with ADH or calcium ionophore (A23187). have the appearance of numerous elongated microvilli over the entire cell surface. The cytoplasm, under these conditions, is occupied by large vacuoles with a distribution of long profiles of aggrephores and associated vesicles. The peripheral cytoplasm as well as the cavities of the elongated microvilli of these cells contain large concentrations of microfilaments often showing a strong axial orientation to the long axis of the microvilli. Many of these filamentous elements appear in contact with the apical membrane of these microvilli with an alignment with the external glycocalyx. There is an indication that these morphocytological changes as revealed by SEM and TEM studies, correlated with a redistribution and realignment of microfilaments and possibly microtubules as detected by fluorescent microscopy using immunofluorescent antibody labeling for actin and tubuiin. Cells treated with verapamil, a calcium antagonist, presented dwarf and stout microvilli with little detectable alterations in the cytoplasmic compositions from that of non-hormonal treated cells. Verapamil prevented ADH induction of microvilii, with the membrane, under these conditions, appearing as compact microridges. The results indicate that calcium ionophore, like ADH, produces intense formation of microvilli in dissociated cells, mobilization and realignment of microfilaments, microtubules, increase in the density of vesicles, aggrephores and possibly secretory granules, whereas the calcium antagonist, verapamil, opposes these actions. The results suggests a prominent role of calcium in the morphological changes induced by ADH.
- Isolated cells
- calcium ionophore