Methodological complexities and the use of GIS in conducting a community needs assessment of a large U.S. municipality

Michael J. Kazda, Elizabeth Rossmann Beel, Dorian Villegas, Jessica Good Martinez, Nita Patel, Witold Marian Migala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reliable assessment of health and social needs within a community ensures that local input drives strategic planning and programmatic decisions. Results are used to determine the priorities and focus of local public health departments and to support the activities of health and social service agencies. We utilized a geographic information system in the planning, administration, and analysis of a recent community needs assessment to ensure a reliable and randomly distributed sample of a diverse urban population and to allow for small geographic area analysis of disease prevalence data. Collection of location data at the time of the 3,361 face-to-face assessment interviews allowed for the association of spatial data with measures of health conditions and behaviors. Results of the assessment indicated a need for public health programs designed to address emerging public health concerns in the community. Incorporating a spatial component in analyses of morbidity and needs assessment data allows for efficient integration of demographic and socio-economic census data and permits ad hoc analyses of varied and changing geographic strata.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Community assessment
  • Community health planning
  • GIS

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Methodological complexities and the use of GIS in conducting a community needs assessment of a large U.S. municipality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this