Limb remote ischemic conditioning promotes myelination by upregulating PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling activities after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion

Xiaohua Li, Changhong Ren, Sijie Li, Rongrong Han, Jinhuan Gao, Qingjian Huang, Kunlin Jin, Yinghao Luo, Xunming Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Limb Remote ischemic conditioning (LRIC) has been proved to be a promising neuroprotective method in white matter lesions after ischemia; however, its mechanism underlying protection after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated whether LRIC promoted myelin growth by activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway in a rat chronic hypoperfusion model. Thirty adult male Sprague Dawley underwent permanent double carotid artery (2VO), and limb remote ischemic conditioning was applied for 3 days after the 2VO surgery. Cognitive function, oligodendrocyte counts, myelin density, apoptosis and proliferation activity, as well as PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling activity were determined 4 weeks after treatment. We found that LRIC significantly inhibited oligodendrocytes apoptosis (p<0.05), promoted myelination (p<0.01) in the corpus callosum and improved spatial learning impairment (p<0.05) at 4 weeks after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. Oligodendrocytes proliferation, along with demyelination, in corpus callosum were not obviously affected by LRIC (p>0.05). Western blot analysis indicated that LRIC upregulated PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling activities in corpus callosum (p<0.05). Our results suggest that LRIC exerts neuroprotective effect on white matter injuries through activating PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway after chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-401
Number of pages10
JournalAging and Disease
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Cerebral hypoperfusion
  • Ischemic conditioning
  • Oligodendrocyte
  • PI3K/Akt/mTOR
  • Vascular dementia
  • White matter

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