In this article for Journal Club commentary entitled “Racial Disparities in Catheter Related Urinary Tract Infections Among Elderly Trauma Patients in the US”, Keneally et al, conducted a study with the goal of assessing the role of social disparities in catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). This cross-sectional study utilized secondary data to determine the possible CAUTI risk in ventilated, older (≥ 65 years of age) trauma patients exploring possible racial structural bias in healthcare. The analysis addressed the following questions in this specific population: • Is there a difference between whites and non-whites in terms of CAUTI rates, comorbidities, hospital course, and healthcare access? • What factors are associated with an increased risk of CAUTI?While this study does consider race and discusses structural biases, which are important and sparsely researched in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) outcomes, the practice implementations are somewhat limited due to study design and analysis. Therefore, the focus of this Journal Club commentary will be reviewing basic steps Infection Preventionists (IPs) can take to critically appraise the literature for application in their facility's patient population.