We examined the acute dose-dependent effects of intracoronary glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 (7-36) on coronary vascular tone, cardiac contractile function and metabolism in normal and ischemic myocardium. Experiments were conducted in open chest, anesthetized dogs at coronary perfusion pressures (CPP) of 100 and 40 mmHg before and during intracoronary GLP-1 (7-36) infusion (10 μmol/L to 1 μmol/L). Isometric tension studies were also conducted in isolated coronary arteries. Cardiac and coronary expression of GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1R) was assessed by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. GLP-1R was present in the myocardium and the coronary vasculature. The tension of intact and endothelium-denuded coronary artery rings was unaffected by GLP-1. At normal perfusion pressure (100 mmHg), intracoronary GLP-1 (7-36) (targeting plasma concentration 10 μmol/L to 1 μmol/L) did not affect blood pressure, coronary blood flow or myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2); however, there were modest reductions in cardiac output and stroke volume. In untreated control hearts, reducing CPP to 40 mmHg produced marked reductions in coronary blood flow (0.50±0.10 to 0.17±0.03 μL/min/g; P, 0.001) and MVO2 (27±2.3 to 15±2.7 μL O2/min/g; P> 0.001). At CPP= 40 mmHg, GLP-1 had no effect on coronary blood flow, MVO2 or regional shortening, but dose-dependently increased myocardial glucose uptake from 0.11±0.02 μmol/min/g at baseline to 0.17±0.04 μmol/min/g at 1 μmol/L GLP-1 (P> 0.001). These data indicate that acute, intracoronary administration of GLP-1 (7-36) preferentially augments glucose metabolism in ischemic myocardium, independent of effects on cardiac contractile function or coronary blood flow.
- Cardiac metabolism
- Coronary blood flow
- Myocardial oxygen consumption