Interposition Ankle Arthroplasty Using Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Small Series

Brian Carpenter, Kyle Duncan, Jordan Ernst, Dalton Ryba, Sumihiro Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although ankle arthrodesis is the reference standard for end-stage ankle arthritis, loss of mobility and adjacent joint arthritis are consequences that alternatives to arthrodesis attempt to avoid. The purpose of the present study was to report the clinical results of interpositional arthroplasty using acellular dermal matrix in 4 patients (age 32 to 42 years) for the treatment of advanced ankle osteoarthritis. The primary findings included relief of pain, with improvement in tibiotalar joint range of motion from a mean of 16.5° (range 0° to 24°) preoperatively to a mean of 31° (range 25° to 40°) postoperatively. All 4 patients underwent open arthrotomy of the anterior and posterior tibiotalar capsule with plafond exostectomy and debridement of all deleterious tissue within the ankle capsule. The articular surface of the talar dome was denuded down to smooth subchondral bone, and microfracture was performed. Autologous calcaneal bone marrow aspirate was applied, and talar resurfacing was achieved using an acellular dermal matrix. Knotless anchors placed medially and laterally within the anterior and posterior dome were used to affix the dermal matrix. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 18 (mean 14) months. The mean pre- and 12-month postoperative Association of Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hindfoot-ankle scale scores were 35 and 88.5, respectively. These outcomes suggest that interpositional tibiotalar arthroplasty using an acellular dermal matrix is successful in improving function and range of motion and decreasing pain. As an alternative to tibiotalar arthrodesis, interpositional tibiotalar arthroplasty might be the procedure of choice for young patients with end-stage ankle arthritis. Longer follow-up periods, histologic testing, and arthroscopic evaluations would be advantageous to further assess the durability of this procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-897
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • AOFAS
  • Arthrex
  • ArthroFlex
  • acellular dermal matrix
  • ankle
  • ankle arthritis
  • end-stage arthritis
  • interposition arthroplasty
  • talus
  • talus resurfacing

Cite this