Intermittent hypoxia mobilizes hematopoietic progenitors and augments cellular and humoral elements of innate immunity in adult men

Tatiana V. Serebrovskaya, Igor S. Nikolsky, Valentyna V. Nikolska, Robert T. Mallet, Vadim A. Ishchuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serebrovskaya, Titiana V., Igor S. Nikolsky, Valentyna V. Nikolska, Robert T. Mallet, and Vadim A. Ishchuk. Intermittent hypoxia mobilizes hematopoietic progenitors and augments cellular and humoral elements of innate immunity in adult men. High Alt. Med. Biol. 12:243-252.-This study tested the hypothesis that intermittent hypoxia treatment (IHT) modulates circulating hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) and augments humoral and cellular components of innate immunity in young, healthy men. Ten subjects (group 1: age 31±4yr) were studied before and at 1 and 7 days after a 14-day IHT program consisting of four 5-min bouts/day of breathing 10% O 2, lowering arterial O 2 saturation to 84% to 85%, with intervening 5-min room-air exposures. Five more subjects (group 2: age 29±5yr) were studied during 1 IHT session. Immunofluorescence detected HSPCs as CD45 +CD34 + cells in peripheral blood. Phagocytic and bactericidal activities of neutrophils, circulating immunoglobulins (IgM, IgG, IgA), immune complexes, complement, and cytokines (erythropoietin, TNF-α, IL-4, IFN-γ) were measured. In group 1, the HSPC count fell 27% below pre-IHT baseline 1 week after completing IHT, without altering erythrocyte and reticulocyte counts. The IHT program also activated complement, increased circulating platelets, augmented phagocytic and bactericidal activities of neutrophils, sharply lowered circulating TNF-α and IL-4 by >90% and ∼75%, respectively, and increased IFN-γ, particularly 1 week after IHT. During acute IHT (group 2), HSPC increased by 51% after the second hypoxia bout and by 19% after the fourth bout, and total leukocyte, neutrophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte counts also increased; but these effects subsided by 30min post-IHT. Collectively, these results demonstrate that IHT enhances innate immunity by mobilizing HSPC, activating neutrophils, and increasing circulating complement and immunoglobulins. These findings support the potential for eventual application of IHT for immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalHigh Altitude Medicine and Biology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2011

Keywords

  • complement
  • cytokines
  • hematopoietic stem cells
  • innate immunity
  • intermittent hypoxia
  • neutrophils

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