This study determined the effects of insulin on myocardial contractile function and glucose metabolism during moderate coronary hypoperfusion. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) was lowered from 100 to 60, 50, and 40 mmHg in the left anterior descending coronary artery of anesthetized, open-chest dogs. Regional glucose uptake (GU), lactate uptake, myocardial O2 consumption, and percent segment shortening (%SS) were measured without (n = 12) or with intravenous (4 U/min, n = 12) or intracoronary insulin (4 U/min, n = 6). Glucose metabolites were also measured in freeze-clamped biopsies of control heart (n = 6) and hearts treated with intravenous insulin (n = 6) at the completion of the protocol (40 mmHg CPP). GU increased with intravenous and intracoronary insulin (P < 0.01). In all groups, GU was unaffected by reduced CPP, although lactate uptake decreased significantly (P < 0.01). Myocardial O2 consumption fell (P < 0.05) as CPP was lowered in all groups and was not altered significantly by intravenous or intracoronary insulin treatment. Without insulin, %SS decreased 72% (P < 0.05) at 40 mmHg CPP, but in hearts treated with intravenous and intracoronary insulin, %SS was not reduced (P > 0.05). Myocardial glycogen, alanine, lactate, and pyruvate contents were not significantly different in untreated hearts and hearts treated with intravenous insulin. Thus, in moderately ischemic canine myocardium, insulin markedly improved regional contractile function and did not appreciably increase the products of anaerobic glucose metabolism.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||5 43-5|
|State||Published - May 1998|
- Myocardial ischemia
- Myocardial oxygen consumption