Inhibition of Noncanonical Murine Double Minute 2 Homolog Abrogates Ocular Inflammation through NF-κB Suppression

Yan Fan, Wei Zhang, Aiguo Ni, Biraj Mahato, Sai H. Chavala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uveitis is estimated to account for 10% of all cases of blindness in the United States, including 30,000 new cases of legal blindness each year. Intraocular and oral corticosteroids are the effective mainstay treatment, but they carry the risk of serious long-term ocular and systemic morbidity. New noncorticosteroid therapies with a favorable side effect profile are necessary for the treatment of chronic uveitis, given the paucity of existing treatment choices. We have previously demonstrated that Nutlin-3, a small-molecule inhibitor of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) homolog, suppresses pathologic retinal angiogenesis through a p53-dependent mechanism, but the noncanonical p53-independent functions have not been adequately elucidated. Herein, we demonstrate an unanticipated function of MDM2 inhibition, where Nutlin-3 potently abrogates lipopolysaccharide-induced ocular inflammation. Furthermore, we identified a mechanism by which transcription and translation of NF-κB is mediated by MDM2, independent of p53, in ocular inflammation. Small-molecule MDM2 inhibition is a novel noncorticosteroid strategy for inhibiting ocular inflammation, which may potentially benefit patients with chronic uveitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2087-2096
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume188
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

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