Indoor air pollution from solid fuels and peripheral Blood DNA methylation: Findings from a population study in Warsaw, Poland

Meng Hua Tao, Jiachen Zhou, Alexander P. Rialdi, Regina Martinez, Joanna Dabek, Ghislaine Scelo, Jolanta Lissowska, Jia Chen, Paolo Boffetta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

DNA methylation is a potential mechanism linking indoor air pollution to adverse health effects. Fetal and early-life environmental exposures have been associated with altered DNA methylation and play a critical role in progress of diseases in adulthood. We investigated whether exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels at different lifetime periods was associated with global DNA methylation and methylation at the IFG2/H19 imprinting control region (ICR) in a population-based sample of non-smoking women from Warsaw, Poland. Global methylation and IFG2/H19 ICR methylation were assessed in peripheral blood DNA from 42 non-smoking women with Luminometric Methylation Assay (LUMA) and quantitative pyrosequencing, respectively. Linear regression models were applied to estimate associations between indoor air pollution and DNA methylation in the blood. Compared to women without exposure, the levels of LUMA methylation for women who had ever exposed to both coal and wood were reduced 6.70% (95% CI: -13.36, -0.04). Using both coal and wood before age 20 was associated with 6.95% decreased LUMA methylation (95% CI: -13.79, -0.11). Further, the negative correlations were more significant with exposure to solid fuels for cooking before age 20. There were no clear associations between indoor solid fuels exposure before age 20 and through the lifetime and IFG2/H19 ICR methylation. Our study of non-smoking women supports the hypothesis that exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels, even early-life exposure, has the capacity to modify DNA methylation that can be detected in peripheral blood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-330
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume134
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Gene-specific methylation
  • Global methylation
  • IGF2/H19
  • Indoor air pollution

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