Immunoglobulin (gm and km) allotypes in the aymara of Chile and bolivia

R. Chakraborty, H. Gershowitz, R. E. Ferrell, S. A. Barton, W. J. Schull

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Immunoglobulin (Gm and Km) allotype and haplotype frequencies are presented for 1707 individuals from Northern Chile and Western Boliva, subdividing them by ethnicity and altitude of residence. The haplotype distributions of Gm as well as Km loci in these populations suggest that in almost all of the ethnicity×altitude subdivisions of this population considerable admixture of AmerIndian and Caucasian genes have occurred. The haplotype frequency heterogeneity and the analysis of departure from Hardy-Weinberg expectations demonstrate that while some local variation in haplotype frequencies at the Gm and Km loci exists in this region, there is no clear evidence suggesting that the pattern of variation is due to an adaptation to the hypoxia of altitude. We conclude that such differences in haplotype frequencies are probably due to random genetic drift and differential admixture of AmerIndian and Caucasian genes that have occurred in the past.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-543
Number of pages11
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1985


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