Immediate Improvements in Patellofemoral Pain Are Associated With Sagittal Plane Movement Training to Improve Use of Gluteus Maximus Muscle During Single Limb Landing

Lee T. Atkins, C. Roger James, Hyung Suk Yang, Phillip S. Sizer, Jean Michel Brismée, Steven F. Sawyer, Christopher M. Powers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to examine the immediate effects of movement training aimed at improving use of gluteus maximus (GMAX) in the sagittal plane on hip internal rotation and self-reported patellofemoral pain (PFP) during single-limb landing. METHODS: Seventeen females with PFP participated. Lower extremity kinematics and kinetics, GMAX activation, and self-reported PFP were obtained before and after a single-session movement training program aimed at increasing the use of GMAX. Dependent variables of interest included self-reported PFP, average GMAX activation, average hip extensor moment, and peak hip internal rotation. Post-training changes were evaluated using paired t tests and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. RESULTS: Following movement training, self-reported PFP decreased significantly (mean [standard deviation]) (3.9 [1.1] vs 0.8 [1.3] on a 0-10 scale). Additionally, significant increases were observed for the average hip extensor moment (0.6 [0.3] vs 1.8 [0.4] Nm/kg) and average GMAX activation (41.0% [18.3] vs 51.6% [25.7] maximum voluntary isometric contraction), whereas peak hip internal rotation decreased significantly (8.5 degrees [5.8] vs 6.0 degrees [5.3]). CONCLUSION: Movement training aimed at improving the use of GMAX in the sagittal plane resulted in clinically relevant changes in self-reported pain, GMAX activation, and hip kinetics and kinematics. Improving the use of GMAX during movement merits consideration when designing rehabilitation programs for females with PFP. IMPACT: The current study highlights the clinical utility of movement training for persons with PFP and provides a biomechanical rationale for its use as a potential intervention in this population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume101
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Gluteus Maximus
  • Hip Internal Rotation
  • Movement Training
  • Patellofemoral Pain

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