Ischemic stroke is one of the most lethal and severely disabling diseases that seriously affects human health and quality of life. The maintenance of self-renewal and differentiation of neural stem cells are closely related to metabolism. This study aimed to investigate whether hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) could promote neurogenesis after ischemic stroke, and to investigate the role of neuronal stem cell metabolism in HPC-induced neuroprotection. Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and HPC was performed for 3 h per day. Immunofluorescence staining was used to assess neurogenesis. The cell line NE-4C was used to elucidate the proliferation of neuronal stem cells in 21% O2 or 8% O2. HPC promoted the recovery of neurological function in mice on day 14. HPC promoted neuronal precursor proliferation in the subventricular zone (SVZ) on day 7 and enhanced neuronal precursor migration in the basal ganglia and cortex on day 14. Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) and glycolysis of neural stem cells in the SVZ changed after MCAO with or without HPC. HPC promoted the proliferation of NE-4C stem cells, decreased FAO and increased glycolysis. All these beneficial effects of HPC were ablated by the application of an FAO activator or a glycolysis inhibitor. In conclusion, cerebral ischemia modulated the FAO and glycolysis of neural stem cells. HPC promoted the proliferation and migration of neural stem cells after MCAO, and these effects may be related to the regulation of metabolism, including FAO and glycolysis.
- Cerebral ischemia
- Hypoxic conditioning