Hyperparameter Tuning with High Performance Computing Machine Learning for Imbalanced Alzheimer’s Disease Data

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Accurate detection is still a challenge in machine learning (ML) for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Class imbalance in imbalanced AD data is another big challenge for machine-learning algorithms working under the assumption that the data are evenly distributed within classes. Here, we present a hyperparameter tuning workflow with high-performance computing (HPC) for imbalanced data related to prevalent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD in the Health and Aging Brain Study-Health Disparities (HABS-HD) project. We applied a single-node multicore parallel mode to hyperparameter tuning of gamma, cost, and class weight using a support vector machine (SVM) model with 10 times repeated fivefold cross-validation. We executed the hyperparameter tuning workflow with R’s bigmemory, foreach, and doParallel packages on Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC)’s Lonestar6 system. The computational time was dramatically reduced by up to 98.2% for the high-performance SVM hyperparameter tuning model, and the performance of cross-validation was also improved (the positive predictive value and the negative predictive value at base rate 12% were, respectively, 16.42% and 92.72%). Our results show that a single-node multicore parallel structure and high-performance SVM hyperparameter tuning model can deliver efficient and fast computation and achieve outstanding agility, simplicity, and productivity for imbalanced data in AD applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6670
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • high-performance computing
  • hyperparameter tuning
  • imbalanced data
  • machine learning
  • mild cognitive impairment


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