HLA class II haplotypes in Mexican systemic lupus erythematosus patients

Lizette M. Cortes, Luz M. Baltazar, Maria G. Lopez-Cardona, Norma Olivares, Cesar Ramos, Mario Salazar, Lucila Sandoval, Matthias G.O. Lorenz, Ranajit Chakraborty, Andrew D. Paterson, Fernando Rivas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which polymorphisms within the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region have been associated to its etiology. For this study, HLA-DQB1, DQA1, and DRB1 genes were typed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer in 237 individuals, taken from 74 families, who had a member with SLE, and who had their residence in the western region of Mexico; as well as in 159 ethnically matched healthy volunteers taken from 32 families. Genotype and allele frequency analysis was performed in 74 SLE patients and 54 unrelated controls. Precise three-loci identification of independent haplotypes was performed in 48 patients and 54 controls by familial segregation. Genotype distribution at each loci was concordant with Hardy-Weinberg's equilibrium in the control group. In general, no genotype effect was observed in SLE patients. Allele distribution comparison showed in the SLE group a significant increase of HLA-DQA1*0102, DQB1*0402, and DRB1*15; whereas alleles HLA-DQB1*0303 and *0501 were significantly decreased. SLE patients showed haplotype DQB1*0602-DQA1-*0102-DRB1*15 increased. As expected, patients with SLE have a reduced haplotype genetic diversity. The associations found in this study are related to an ancestral haplotype that has been observed in SLE populations of different origins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1469-1476
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume65
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2004

Keywords

  • HLA class II
  • Haplotype
  • association study
  • systemic lupus erythematosus

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