Hispanic Subgroups, Acculturation, and Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes

Karen G. Chartier, Tom Carmody, Maleeha Akhtar, Mary B. Stebbins, Scott T. Walters, Diane Warden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study explored Hispanic subgroup differences in substance use treatment outcomes, and the relationship of acculturation characteristics to these outcomes. Data were from a multisite randomized clinical trial of motivational enhancement therapy versus treatment as usual in a sample of Spanish-speaking substance abusers. Participants were Cuban American (n = 34), Mexican American (n = 209), Puerto Rican (n = 78), and other Hispanic American (n = 54). Results suggested that Cuban Americans and individuals with more connection to Hispanic culture had lower treatment retention. Hispanics born in the U.S and those who spoke English at home had a lower percentage of days abstinent during weeks 5-16, although Puerto Ricans born in the U.S. and Cuban Americans living more years in the U.S. had a higher percentage of days abstinent in weeks 1-4 and 5-16, respectively. Results may inform future hypothesis-driven studies in larger Hispanic treatment seeking samples of the relationship between acculturation and treatment outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-82
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Keywords

  • Abstinence
  • Acculturation factors
  • Hispanic subgroups
  • Retention
  • Treatment outcomes

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