Functional role of human NK cell receptor 2B4 (CD244) isoforms

Stephen O. Mathew, Krithi K. Rao, Jong R. Kim, Nowland D. Bambard, Porunelloor A. Mathew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

2B4 (CD244), a member of the signaling lymphocyte-activation molecule (SLAM/CD150), is expressed on all NK cells, a subpopulation of T cells, monocytes and basophils. Human NK cells express two isoforms of 2B4, h2B4-A and h2B4-B that differ in a small portion of the extracellular domain. In the present investigation, we have studied the functions of h2B4-A and h2B4-B. Our study demonstrated that these two isoforms differ in their binding affinity for CD48, which results in differential cytotoxic activity as well as intracellular calcium release by NK cells upon target cell recognition. Analysis of the predicted 3-D structure of the two isoforms showed conformational differences that could account for their differences in binding affinity to CD48. h2B4-A was able to mediate natural cytotoxicity against CD48-expressing K562 target cells and induce intracellular calcium release, whereas h2B4-B showed no effects. NK-92MI, U937, THP-1, KU812, primary monocytes, basophils and NK cells showed expression of both h2B4-A and h2B4-B whereas YT and IL-2-activated NK cells did not show any h2B4-B expression. Stimulation of NK cells through 2B4 resulted in decreased mRNA levels of both h2B4-A and h2B4-B indicating that down-regulation of 2B4 isoforms may be an important factor in controlling NK cell activation during immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1632-1641
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Cell activation
  • Cell surface molecules
  • NK cells

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