We used Fos immunocytochemistry to study the effects of hypertension and hypervolaemia on neurones in the diagonal band of Broca and the perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus, two nuclei that are both involved in the baroreceptor regulation of vasopressin neurones in the supraoptic nucleus. In addition, we used sino-aortic denervation to examine the role of arterial baroreceptors in the response to these haemodynamic changes. Sham-operated and sino-aortic denervated rats were infused with phenylephrine sufficient to increase blood pressure for 2 h. Control rats were infused with the same volume of isontonic saline. Only Sham sino-aortic denervated rats showed reflex bradycardia in response to the increased blood pressure. Volume expansion was produced by infusing the rats with isotonic saline equal to 10% of their body weight for 10 min, which significantly increased central venous pressure. In the diagonal band of Broca and the perinuclear zone, the number of Fos-positive neurones was significantly increased after phenylephrine infusion. Sino-aortic denervation blocked the significant increase in both regions. After volume expansion, a significant increase in Fos staining was observed only in the perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus. This increase was not blocked by sino-aortic denervation. Our results indicate that both the diagonal band of Broca and the perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus are activated by stimulating arterial baroreceptors; however, the perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus is stimulated during volume expansion. Furthermore, the activation of perinuclear zone of the supraoptic nucleus after volume expansion is not dependent on intact arterial baroreceptors.
- Sino-aortic denervation
- Supraoptic nucleus