Topotecan is an antitumor agent with activity against a variety of cancers. We examined the steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectral properties of topotecan with one- and two-photon excitation. Topotecan was found to display a high two-photon cross section near 20 GM for wavelengths within the fundamental output of a Ti: sapphire laser, 800-880 nm. In frozen solution the anisotropies of topotecan are near the theoretical maxima for one-photon and two-photon excitation with colinear electronic transitions. The intensity and anisotropy decays of topotecan fluorescence were found to be homogeneous (single exponentials) in phosphate-buffered saline and propylene glycol. The steady-state and time-resolved data indicate that topotecan binds to a double-helical DNA oligomer d(AT)10 resulting in increased anisotropies and multiexponential intensity and anisotropy decays. Subnanosecond components in the anisotropy decay of the DNA-topotecan complex suggest loose binding of the drug to DNA. Loose binding of topotecan to DNA is also revealed by accessibility of topotecan to collisional quenching by iodide.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Photochemistry and Photobiology|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1999|