Fibrocaps for surgical hemostasis: Two randomized, controlled phase II trials

Cornelis Verhoef, Neil Singla, Greg Moneta, William Muir, Arjen Rijken, Harry Lockstadt, Johannes H.W. De Wilt, Albert O-Yurvati, Linda A. Zuckerman, Paul Frohna, Robert J. Porte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Fibrocaps, a ready-to-use, dry-powder fibrin sealant containing human plasma-derived thrombin and fibrinogen, is being developed as an adjunct for surgical hemostasis. Materials and methods Safety and efficacy of Fibrocaps applied directly or by spray device, in combination with gelatin sponge, was compared with that of gelatin sponge-alone in two randomized, single-blind controlled trials: FC-002 US (United States) and FC-002 NL (the Netherlands). A total of 126 adult patients were randomized (Fibrocaps: n = 47 [FC-002 US], n = 39 [FC-002 NL]; gelatin sponge alone: n = 23 [FC-002 US], n = 17 [FC-002 NL). One bleeding site was treated during a surgical procedure (n = 125). Time to hemostasis (primary end point) was measured, with a 28-d safety follow-up. Four surgical indications included hepatic resection (n = 58), spinal procedures (n = 37), peripheral vascular procedures (n = 30), and soft tissue dissection (n = 1). Results Mean (standard deviation) time to hemostasis was significantly shorter after Fibrocaps treatment than after gelatin sponge alone (FC-002 US: 1.9 [1.3] versus 4.8 min [3.1], P < 0.001; FC-002 NL: 2.2 [1.3] versus 4.4 min [3.1], P = 0.004). The incidence of hemostasis was greater after Fibrocaps compared with that of gelatin sponge alone within 3 min (FC-002 US: 83% versus 35%, P < 0.001; FC-002 NL: 77% versus 53%, P = 0.11), 5 min (94% versus 61%, P = 0.001; 95% versus 71%, P = 0.022), and 10 min (100% versus 78%, P = 0.003; 100% versus 82%, P = 0.025). Adverse events were consistent with surgical procedures performed and patients' underlying diseases and generally similar between treatment arms; most were mild or moderate in severity. Non-neutralizing antithrombin antibodies were detected in 5% of Fibrocaps-treated patients on day 29. Conclusions Fibrocaps had good safety and efficacy profiles, supporting continuing clinical development as a novel fibrin sealant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-687
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume194
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • Dry powder
  • Fibrin sealant
  • Fibrinogen and thrombin
  • Hepatic surgery
  • Soft tissue dissection
  • Spinal surgery
  • Vascular surgery

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