This study examines factors facilitating and delaying participation and use of the Health Information Exchange (HIE) in Louisiana. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with health care representatives throughout the state. Findings suggest that Meaningful Use requirements are a critical factor influencing the decision to participate in the HIE, specifically the mandate that hospitals be able to electronically transfer summary of care documents. Creating buy-in within a few large hospital networks legitimized the HIE and hastened interest in those markets. Fees charged by electronic health record (EHR) vendors to develop HIE interfaces have been prohibitive. Funding from the federal incentive program is intended to offset the costs associated with EHR implementation and increase the likelihood that HIEs can provide value to the population; however, costs and time delays of EHR interface development may be key barriers to fully integrated HIEs. State HIEs may benefit from targeted involvement of state health care leaders who can champion the potential value of the HIE.
- Health information exchange
- Health information technology
- Health policy
- Meaningful use