Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans

Brandon E. Gavett, Katie Stypulkowski, Leigh A. Johnson, James Hall, Sidney O'Bryant

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Abstract

Introduction: The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample. Methods: Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing was performed using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A five-factor model (memory, attention/executive functioning/processing speed, language, visuospatial, and motor) fit the data well (CFI = 0.979, RMSEA = 0.047) and the composite reliability of the factors ranged from.76 (visuospatial) to.97 (motor). The five-factor model was found to possess strict measurement invariance for ethnicity and language without a decrement in fit compared to a strong (scalar) invariance model (ΔCFI =.000, ΔRMSEA =.002). Discussion: These results indicate that a five-factor model is suitable for estimating cognitive functioning in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites without bias by ethnicity or language.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-544
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Neuropsychological Tests
Language
Hispanic Americans
Statistical Factor Analysis
chemotactic factor inactivator

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Bias
  • Cognition
  • Cross-cultural comparison

Cite this

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title = "Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans",
abstract = "Introduction: The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample. Methods: Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing was performed using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A five-factor model (memory, attention/executive functioning/processing speed, language, visuospatial, and motor) fit the data well (CFI = 0.979, RMSEA = 0.047) and the composite reliability of the factors ranged from.76 (visuospatial) to.97 (motor). The five-factor model was found to possess strict measurement invariance for ethnicity and language without a decrement in fit compared to a strong (scalar) invariance model (ΔCFI =.000, ΔRMSEA =.002). Discussion: These results indicate that a five-factor model is suitable for estimating cognitive functioning in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites without bias by ethnicity or language.",
keywords = "Aging, Bias, Cognition, Cross-cultural comparison",
author = "Gavett, {Brandon E.} and Katie Stypulkowski and Johnson, {Leigh A.} and James Hall and Sidney O'Bryant",
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T1 - Factor structure and measurement invariance of a neuropsychological test battery designed for assessment of cognitive functioning in older Mexican Americans

AU - Gavett, Brandon E.

AU - Stypulkowski, Katie

AU - Johnson, Leigh A.

AU - Hall, James

AU - O'Bryant, Sidney

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Introduction: The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample. Methods: Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing was performed using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A five-factor model (memory, attention/executive functioning/processing speed, language, visuospatial, and motor) fit the data well (CFI = 0.979, RMSEA = 0.047) and the composite reliability of the factors ranged from.76 (visuospatial) to.97 (motor). The five-factor model was found to possess strict measurement invariance for ethnicity and language without a decrement in fit compared to a strong (scalar) invariance model (ΔCFI =.000, ΔRMSEA =.002). Discussion: These results indicate that a five-factor model is suitable for estimating cognitive functioning in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites without bias by ethnicity or language.

AB - Introduction: The present study sought to investigate the measurement invariance of commonly used neuropsychological tests in an ethnically (Hispanic vs. non-Hispanic) and linguistically (Spanish vs. English) diverse sample. Methods: Participants were 736 middle-aged and older adults (MAge = 62.1, SD = 9.1) assessed at baseline. Measurement invariance testing was performed using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis. Results: A five-factor model (memory, attention/executive functioning/processing speed, language, visuospatial, and motor) fit the data well (CFI = 0.979, RMSEA = 0.047) and the composite reliability of the factors ranged from.76 (visuospatial) to.97 (motor). The five-factor model was found to possess strict measurement invariance for ethnicity and language without a decrement in fit compared to a strong (scalar) invariance model (ΔCFI =.000, ΔRMSEA =.002). Discussion: These results indicate that a five-factor model is suitable for estimating cognitive functioning in Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites without bias by ethnicity or language.

KW - Aging

KW - Bias

KW - Cognition

KW - Cross-cultural comparison

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DO - 10.1016/j.dadm.2018.08.003

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