The effect of expression of the c-l la-ra.s oncogene on cisplatin (DDP) sensitivity was examined in murine NIH 3T3 cells transfected with the dexamethasone (DEX)-inducible mouse mammary tumor virus promoter linked to an activated c-Ha-rai gene [LTR H-ras(A) cells]. Treatment of these cells with 5 JJMDEX for 24 h induced c-Ha-ras expression and produced an 8.2 Â±1.3-fold (SD) increase in DDP resistance as quantitated by clonogenic assay. Induction of the c-Ha-ra? oncogene reduced DDP accumulation by 40% and intrastrand adduct formation by 17%. In nontransfected wild-type NIH 3T3 cells, DEX did not induce DDP resistance nor did it decrease DDP accumulation. Induction of c-Ha-ras expression did not alter cellular glutathione content or the activity of glutathione-5-transferase in the LTR H-ras(A) cells. DEX increased cellular metallothionein content by 1.6-fold in NIH 3T3 cells and 3.3- fold in LTR H-ras(A) cells. We conclude that DEX-induced overexpression of a mutant c-Ha-ras gene confers DDP resistance and that this resistance is associated with an impairment of cellular drug accumulation and an increase in metallothionein content.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Nov 1991|