Exercise training for older adults with limitations in physical function

C. Peel, C. Utsey, J. MacGregor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an 8-week supervised exercise program on physiological measurements during treadmill walking, muscle strength, functional performance, and health status in older adults limited in physical function. Twenty-four participants were randomly assigned to an exercise group (EG, N= 13) or a control group (CG, N = 11), and were evaluated before and after the exercise program (EG) or 8-week period (CG). Evaluations included a progressive treadmill test, strength testing, the Physical Performance Test (PPT), and the SF-36 Health Survey. The exercise program consisted of 3 sessions per week of brisk walking and strengthening exercises. The EG demonstrated increases in cardiorespiratory fitness and increases in treadmill walking time. The EG also demonstrated increases in force production in 3 of the 6 muscle groups that were tested. Both the EG and CG demonstrated improvements in PPT scores and in 2 health concepts on the SF36 Health Survey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-75
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Exercise training
  • Functional performance
  • Health status
  • Muscle strength
  • Physiological responses

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