The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of the intra-subject independence among strides during treadmill walking. We investigated the strength of the relationships among strides sampled in different ways from a population of observed strides. Eighteen asymptomatic subjects walked on a treadmill at 1.4 ± 0.1 m/s. Maximum angles and ranges of motion from the ankle, knee and hip joints, as well as stride duration were obtained and autocorrelation coefficients (AC) for 3 lags were calculated among 12 strides sampled consecutively (CS), in order but non-adjacently (NA), and randomly (RA). Ninety-nine percent of AC values were within Bartlett's 95% confidence interval limits and thus the strides were not considered significantly autocorrelated. The results support the hypothesis that strides obtained from an individual walking on a treadmill can be statistically independent. This supports the theoretical assumption that in some circumstances humans can be modeled as random sample generators due to inherent movement variability. The ability to assess statistically clinical intervention provides objective rigor for evaluating rehabilitation outcomes.
- Single-subject analysis
- Trial independence