Evidence of brain tumor stem progenitor-like cells with low proliferative capacity in human benign pituitary adenoma

Lingchao Chen, Hongxing Ye, Xiaomei Wang, Xuqung Tang, Ying Mao, Yao Zhao, Zhebao Wu, Xiao Ou Mao, Lin Xie, Kunlin Jin, Yu Yao

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Abstract

Tumor stem cells have been implicated as cancer-initiating cells in malignant brain tumors. However, whether benign brain tumors also contain tumor stem cells are largely unexplored. Here, we investigated whether tumor stem-like cells were present in pituitary adenoma similar to malignant brain tumors. By immunocytochemistry, we found that pituitary adenoma tissues expressed neural stem cell marker. These cells could form neurospheres in vitro, expressed neural stem/progenitor cell markers and generated daughter cells with the capacity to differentiate into three neural lineages. Importantly, compared with non-invasive pituitary adenomas, we found that CD133 expression was significantly increased in invasive pituitary adenomas, suggesting that the proliferative capacity was correlated with the malignance of pituitary adenomas. Finally, invasive pituitary adenomas cells displayed lower proliferative ability than glioblastoma. Our data indicate that a subpopulation of stem/progenitor-like cells are present in pituitary adenomas, and these cells may be responsible for benign tumor initiation and maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Letters
Volume349
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2014

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Keywords

  • Benign tumor
  • Brain
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Tumor stem/progenitor cells

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