There is now sufficient evidence to suggest that cardiovascular pathology and altered lipid metabolism contribute to the development of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, 24 AD patients and 15 controls were assessed for cardiovascular risk based on serum lipid and lipid oxidation parameters. The AD patients appeared to have a more favorable cardiovascular risk profile than the controls based on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) values. The levels of thiobarbituric-acid-rective substances and the activity of the enzyme paraoxonase (PON) following copper oxidation indicate that female patients may have better protection against serum and perhaps tissue oxidants than males with AD. While the higher HDL-C values indicate lower cardiovascular risk, additional data on oxidized lipid parameters suggest a lower level of protection against serum oxidants in male AD probands.
- Alzheimer's disease
- Oxidized lipids