Evaluation of modified Yfiler amplification strategy for compromised samples

Kimberly A. Sturk, Michael D. Coble, Suzanne M. Barritt, Jodi A. Irwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Aim To characterize the data produced using a modified amplification protocol for the AmpFℓSTR® Yfiler PCR Amplifcation Kit (Applied Biosystems) and explore the potential of Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) recovery from severely degraded skeletal remains encountered at the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory Methods Experiments were performed using two sets of Yfiler amplification parameters. One set of parameters reflected the manufacturer's recommendations. The second set of parameters included twice the recommended Taq concentration and 6 additional cycles. Recovery of authentic alleles and the incidence of drop-in alleles were assessed for 3 data sets: 8 different quantities of pristine DNA, 8 artificially-degraded samples, and 31 non-probative case samples. Results Samples tested with both protocols from all 3 data sets yielded twice as many authentic alleles under the modified parameters than under the standard parameters (62% vs 31%), with only a nominal associated increase in the occurrence of non-authentic alleles (1.36% of all alleles detected). When applied to a range of representative casework samples, the modified protocol leveraged 9 or more reproducible alleles from over half of the specimens tested. Conclusion Reproducible and informative Y-STR profiles can be recovered from a broad range of degraded and inhibited skeletal remains extracts when a commercially available kit is employed under modified amplification parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-238
Number of pages11
JournalCroatian Medical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009


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