Parvalbumin (PA) is a calcium-binding protein that has been implicated in neuroprotection. We examined whether the stimulus effect of ethanol withdrawal (EW) alters the expression of PA in a manner that is prevented by 17β-estradiol (E2). Ovariectomized rats implanted with E2 (EW/E2) or oil (EW/Oil) pellets received chronic ethanol (7.5%, w/v, 5 weeks) or control dextrin diets (Dex/Oil). At 24 h of EW, rats were tested for overt EW signs, and the cerebellum was prepared for immunoblotting and immunohistological assessment for PA. The EW/Oil group showed a higher EW sign score, a lower PA expression, and fewer PA-positive Purkinje neurons than the dextrin control group. In the EW/E2 group, EW sign scores, PA expression, and PA-positive Purkinje neurons were not significantly different from those in the control dextrin group. These data suggest that E2 treatment protects against the PA-suppression associated with EW toxicity.
- Ethanol withdrawal