Emergency Department Use Among Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

Rini Vohra, Suresh Madhavan, Usha Sambamoorthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cross-sectional analyses using Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (2006–2011) was conducted to examine the trends, type of ED visits, and mean total ED charges for adults aged 22–64 years with and without ASD (matched 1:3). Around 0.4 % ED visits (n = 25,527) were associated with any ASD and rates of such visits more than doubled from 2006 to 2011 (2549–6087 per 100,000 admissions). Adults with ASD visited ED for: primary psychiatric disorder (15 %ASD vs. 4.2 %noASD), primary non-psychiatric disorder (16 %ASD vs. 14 %noASD), and any injury (24 %ASD vs. 28 %noASD). Mean total ED charges for adults with ASD were 2.3 times higher than for adults without ASD. Findings emphasize the need to examine the extent of frequent ED use in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1454
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

Fingerprint

Hospital Emergency Service
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Psychiatry
Cross-Sectional Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Population

Keywords

  • Adult autism
  • Autism
  • Autism injury
  • Autism trends
  • Emergency department
  • Emergency room
  • Expenditures
  • Medical conditions in autism

Cite this

@article{25763fb087e44164aee9de2903329957,
title = "Emergency Department Use Among Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)",
abstract = "A cross-sectional analyses using Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (2006–2011) was conducted to examine the trends, type of ED visits, and mean total ED charges for adults aged 22–64 years with and without ASD (matched 1:3). Around 0.4 {\%} ED visits (n = 25,527) were associated with any ASD and rates of such visits more than doubled from 2006 to 2011 (2549–6087 per 100,000 admissions). Adults with ASD visited ED for: primary psychiatric disorder (15 {\%}ASD vs. 4.2 {\%}noASD), primary non-psychiatric disorder (16 {\%}ASD vs. 14 {\%}noASD), and any injury (24 {\%}ASD vs. 28 {\%}noASD). Mean total ED charges for adults with ASD were 2.3 times higher than for adults without ASD. Findings emphasize the need to examine the extent of frequent ED use in this population.",
keywords = "Adult autism, Autism, Autism injury, Autism trends, Emergency department, Emergency room, Expenditures, Medical conditions in autism",
author = "Rini Vohra and Suresh Madhavan and Usha Sambamoorthi",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10803-015-2692-2",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "1441--1454",
journal = "Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders",
issn = "0162-3257",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

Emergency Department Use Among Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). / Vohra, Rini; Madhavan, Suresh; Sambamoorthi, Usha.

In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 46, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 1441-1454.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emergency Department Use Among Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

AU - Vohra, Rini

AU - Madhavan, Suresh

AU - Sambamoorthi, Usha

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - A cross-sectional analyses using Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (2006–2011) was conducted to examine the trends, type of ED visits, and mean total ED charges for adults aged 22–64 years with and without ASD (matched 1:3). Around 0.4 % ED visits (n = 25,527) were associated with any ASD and rates of such visits more than doubled from 2006 to 2011 (2549–6087 per 100,000 admissions). Adults with ASD visited ED for: primary psychiatric disorder (15 %ASD vs. 4.2 %noASD), primary non-psychiatric disorder (16 %ASD vs. 14 %noASD), and any injury (24 %ASD vs. 28 %noASD). Mean total ED charges for adults with ASD were 2.3 times higher than for adults without ASD. Findings emphasize the need to examine the extent of frequent ED use in this population.

AB - A cross-sectional analyses using Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (2006–2011) was conducted to examine the trends, type of ED visits, and mean total ED charges for adults aged 22–64 years with and without ASD (matched 1:3). Around 0.4 % ED visits (n = 25,527) were associated with any ASD and rates of such visits more than doubled from 2006 to 2011 (2549–6087 per 100,000 admissions). Adults with ASD visited ED for: primary psychiatric disorder (15 %ASD vs. 4.2 %noASD), primary non-psychiatric disorder (16 %ASD vs. 14 %noASD), and any injury (24 %ASD vs. 28 %noASD). Mean total ED charges for adults with ASD were 2.3 times higher than for adults without ASD. Findings emphasize the need to examine the extent of frequent ED use in this population.

KW - Adult autism

KW - Autism

KW - Autism injury

KW - Autism trends

KW - Emergency department

KW - Emergency room

KW - Expenditures

KW - Medical conditions in autism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84961206790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10803-015-2692-2

DO - 10.1007/s10803-015-2692-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 26762115

AN - SCOPUS:84961206790

VL - 46

SP - 1441

EP - 1454

JO - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

JF - Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

SN - 0162-3257

IS - 4

ER -