Efficacy of a brief image-based multiple-behavior intervention for college students

Chudley E. Werch, Michele J. Moore, Hui Bian, Carlo C. DiClemente, Steven C. Ames, Robert M. Weiler, Dennis Thombs, Steven B. Pokorny, I. Chan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Epidemiologic data indicate most adolescents and adults experience multiple, simultaneous risk behaviors. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of a brief image-based multiple-behavior intervention (MBI) for college students. Methods: A total of 303 college students were randomly assigned to: (1) a brief MBI or (2) a standard care control, with a 3-month postintervention follow-up. Results: Omnibus treatment by time multivariate analysis of variance interactions were significant for three of six behavior groupings, with improvements for college students receiving the brief MBI on alcohol consumption behaviors, F(6, 261) = 2.73, p = 0.01, marijuana-use behaviors, F(4, 278) = 3.18, p = 0.01, and health-related quality of life, F(5, 277) = 2.80, p = 0.02, but not cigarette use, exercise, and nutrition behaviors. Participants receiving the brief MBI also got more sleep, F(1, 281) = 9.49, p = 0.00, than those in the standard care control. Conclusions: A brief image-based multiple-behavior intervention may be useful in influencing a number of critical health habits and health-related quality-of-life indicators of college students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Brief intervention
  • College students
  • Drug use
  • Health quality of life
  • Image
  • Multiple-behavior intervention

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    Werch, C. E., Moore, M. J., Bian, H., DiClemente, C. C., Ames, S. C., Weiler, R. M., Thombs, D., Pokorny, S. B., & Huang, I. C. (2008). Efficacy of a brief image-based multiple-behavior intervention for college students. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 36(2), 149-157. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-008-9055-6